Chickens with black plumage are fairly widespread. However, there may be an uncommon breed of this poultry with black bones and even black inside organs.
The breed known as the Chinese Silky has very tender fluffy feathers, and inside it differs from different chickens in that it has bluish-black pores and skin, darkish meat, in addition to black bones, and inside organs. In the West, Chinese silky chickens are bred, as a rule, for ornamental functions, however in China and another jap international locations, their meat is taken into account a delicacy and isn’t obtainable to everybody.
The breed has been identified for the reason that seventh century, and it’s believed that the consumption of those chickens, identified in China because the gu ji (within the translation from Chinese – “rooster with black bones”), has a helpful impact on human well being. For instance, Chinese ladies historically eat silky Chinese rooster meat after giving beginning to revive power, and the Chinese additionally say that black rooster dishes have a optimistic impact on blood, lungs, and abdomen.
As a rule, to ensure that gu ji meat to totally manifest its distinctive properties, the broth is ready from it with the addition of ginseng, dried wolfberries, and Chinese dates, and such chickens are hardly ever fried.
The point out of silk chickens is discovered within the notes of the traveler to China Marco Polo courting again to the thirteenth century – a genus of home chickens whose pores and skin was lined with black hair as a substitute of feathers. One of the primary mentions that these chickens are discovered on the territory of Russia dates again to 1768-1773. Domestic poultry farmers introduced this breed from Europe. German naturalist Pallas reviews that he noticed a Chinese rooster that had black pores and skin and white plumage. These chickens are additionally present in Siberia, Persia, and Astrakhan. Silk chickens are glorious hens and moms, they’re usually used to hatch not solely rooster eggs but additionally to lift pheasants and partridges. White silk chickens hatch with canary-colored down – extra engaging little creatures may hardly be imagined! The spotlight of silk chickens is the colour of their pores and skin, bones, and meat – it’s blue-black.
Eastern drugs considers the meat and eggs of Chinese chickens to be healing like ginseng. It tastes nice. In the outdated days, silk chickens have been served at dinner events, seasoned with white sauce with a view to sharpen the colour of their meat.
In household communities of silk chickens, greater than in different breeds, mutual affections come up. Cockerels are very attentive “gents” not solely to their very own “women”. Perhaps you’ll not discover extra fearless defenders of your harem. Despite their toy look, they don’t hesitate to hurry to guard their household. Chickens are additionally identified for his or her sturdy hatching intuition – they’re used to take care of chicks of different home birds (together with waterfowl – geese and geese) and even recreation birds (quail and pheasant). And this isn’t the fruit of the efforts of geneticists or biologists, because it may appear. Silk is without doubt one of the oldest breeds.
According to a 2011 genetic examine, the distinctive characteristic of Chinese silky chickens is because of an uncommon genetic mutation, characterised as “a posh rearrangement that results in overexpression of Endothelin-3, a gene liable for stimulating the expansion of pigment cells.” A big enhance within the variety of pigment cells not solely causes black pores and skin and bones but additionally causes the darkening of inside organs. Another attention-grabbing reality about Chinese silky is their excessive content material of carnosine, a pure peptide offered as a dietary complement. People take it to extend muscle mass, decelerate the getting older course of, and alleviate illnesses reminiscent of diabetes and autism.
The nature of black leather-based has been investigated on the University of Jena, and by zoologists in Bonn. Studies have proven that it’s wealthy in amino acids, nutritional vitamins (particularly group B), calcium, phosphorus, iron, comprises niacin, and likewise substances that cleanse the blood and enhance the variety of purple blood cells and hemoglobin, activating the work of the spleen, kidneys, genitals. With medicines from silk rooster meat, the Chinese treatment tuberculosis, migraines, kidney illnesses, gynecological and lots of different illnesses.
There is a Chinese legend. In historic instances, one particular person’s mom grew to become incurably ailing. The son put her in a cart and took her to seek out a physician who may save her. They traveled across the villages for a very long time, however nobody was in a position to assist. Returning to their properties, they stayed with some peasants. The proprietor, in response to the legal guidelines of hospitality, ready essentially the most worthwhile factor in his home – a black rooster. The subsequent morning the outdated girl felt higher, and by the night of the subsequent day she walked briskly, and ultimately, she was fully cured. Since then, it’s believed that silk “heals all illnesses.”